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Neuro-linguistic programming


Neuro-linguistic programming



Neuro-linguistic programming (NLP) is an approach to psychotherapy and organizational change 
based on "a model of interpersonal communication chiefly concerned with the relationship 
between successful patterns of behaviour and the subjective experiences (esp. patterns of 
thought) underlying them" and "a system of alternative therapy based on this which seeks to 
educate people in self-awareness and effective communication, and to change their patterns of 
mental and emotional behaviour".[1]

The co-founders, Richard Bandler and linguist John Grinder, believed that NLP would be useful
in "finding ways to help people have better, fuller and richer lives".[2] They coined the term 
"Neuro-Linguistic Programming" to emphasize their belief in a connection between the 
neurological processes ("neuro"), language ("linguistic") and behavioral patterns that have 
been learned through experience ("programming") and can be organized to achieve specific goals 
in life.[3][4][5]

In early workshops by Bandler and Grinder and in books that followed, it was often claimed[6]
that through the use of NLP, problems especially phobias could be overcome in a single short 
session whereas traditional therapies would have taken weeks, or even months of regular 
sessions to make progress.[7][8] It was claimed that NLP was capable of addressing the full 
range of problems that psychotherapists are likely to encounter, such as phobias, depression, 
habit disorder, psychosomatic illnesses, and learning disorders.[9] The founders advocated the 
potential for self-determination through overcoming learned limitations[10] and emphasized 
well-being and healthy functioning. Bandler and Grinder claimed that if the effective patterns 
of behaviour of outstanding therapists (and other exceptional communicators) could be modeled 
then these patterns could be acquired by others.[11] NLP has been adopted by private 
psychotherapists worldwide, including hypnotherapists, who undertake training in NLP and apply 
it to their practice. Later, it was promoted as a "science of excellence", derived from the 
study or "modeling"[12] of how successful or outstanding people in different fields obtain 
their results. NLP has gained popularity within management training, life coaching, and the 
self-help industry.



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