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Fibre intake


Fibre intake


Current recommendations from the United States National 
Academy of Sciences, Institute of Medicine, suggest that adults 
should consume 20–35 grams of dietary fibre per day, but the 
average American's daily intake of dietary fibre is only 12–18 
grams.[34][35]The ADA recommends a minimum of 20–35 
g/day for a healthy adult depending on calorie intake (e.g., a 
2000 Cal/8400 kJ diet should include 25g of fibre per day). 
The ADA's recommendation for children is that intake should 
equal age in years plus 5 g/day (e.g., a 4 year old should 
consume 9 g/day). No guidelines have yet been established 
for the elderly or very ill. Patients with current constipation, 
vomiting, and abdominal pain should see a physician. Certain 
bulking agents are not commonly recommended with the 
prescription of opioids because the slow transit time mixed with 
larger stools may lead to severe constipation, pain, or obstruction.
The British Nutrition Foundation has recommended a minimum 
fibre intake of 18 g/day for healthy adults.

Fibre recommendations in North America

On average, North Americans consume less than 50% of the
dietary fibre levels recommended for good health. In the preferred 
food choices of today's youth, this value may be as low as 20%, 
a factor considered by experts as contributing to the obesity levels 
seen in many developed countries.[37][38]Recognizing the 
growing scientific evidence for physiological benefits of increased 
fibre intake, regulatory agencies such as the Food and Drug 
Administration (FDA) of the United States have given approvals 
to food products making health claims for fibre. In clinical trials to 
date, these fibre sources were shown to significantly 
reduce blood cholesterol levels, an important factor for general 
cardiovascular health,[39] and to lower risk of onset for some 
types of cancer.


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