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Qigong

Qigong




The ancient history of qigong are identified with the segment within 
Chinese society where the training is cultivated. Over time, the 
concept and practice of different types of qigong acquired similar 
philosophical bases. Within the last three decades, those exercises 
were explained from a scientific basis. The common thread
throughout history is the increasing popularity of this system of 
mindful practice, which has spread throughout China and now 
across the world.


According to the traditional Chinese medical community, the
origin of qigong is commonly attributed to the legendary Yellow 
Emperor and the classic Book of Internal Medicine.


Archeological evidence may suggest that the first forms of qigong 
can be linked to ancient shamanic meditative practice and gymnastic 
exercises. The Mawangdui Silk Texts (168 BCE) shows a series 
of Tao Yin (導引) exercises that bears physical resemblance to 
some of the health exercises being practiced today.[24][25] 
Shamanic rituals and ideas eventually evolved and formalized into 
Taoist beliefs and eventually incorporated into the field of 
traditional Chinese medicine.[26][27]


In the Taoist tradition, the writings of Lǎozǐ ("Lao Tzu", ca. 400 
BCE) and Zhuāngzǐ; ("Chuang Tzu", ca. 300 BCE) both describe 
meditative cultivation and physical exercises to extend one's
lifespan and as means of accessing higher realms of existence.
[28][29][30][31][32] The Taoist inner alchemical cultivation 
around the Song Dynasty (Chinese: 宋朝; pinyin: Sòng Cháo; 
Wade-Giles: Sung Ch'ao; IPA: [ sʊ̂ŋ tʂʰɑ̌ʊ̯ ]) between 960 
and 1279, continued those Taoist traditions.


Buddhism, originating in India and having its source in the Hindu 
culture, has an extensive system of meditation and physical 
cultivation similar to yoga to help the practitioner achieve 
enlightenment. When Buddhism was transmitted to China, 
some of those practices were assimilated and eventually modified 
by the indigenous culture.[33] The resulting transformation was 
the start of the Chinese Buddhist qigong tradition. Chinese 
Buddhist practice reaches a climax with the emergence of Chán 
(禪) Buddhism in the 7th century AD. Meditative practice was 
emphasized and a series of qigong exercises known as the Yijin 
Jing ("Muscle/Tendon Change Classic") was attributed to 
Bodhidharma. The Chinese martial arts community eventually 
identify this Yijing Jing as one of the secret training methods in 
Shaolin martial arts.[34]


Chinese scholars acknowledged Kǒngzǐ ("Confucius", 551–
479 BCE) and Mèngzǐ ("Mencius", 385–302 BCE) as the
 founders of the Scholar qigong tradition. In their writings, they
 alluded to the concepts of qi training as methods of moral 
training.[35]





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